Spamassassin setup and config

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Installing and Setting up Spamassassin

Not done yet.

User Config

User Setup #1

Spamassassin is called by procmail. A .procmailrc in a users home directory forwards/filters emails via spamassassin. The default lines for spamassassin to be included into .procmailrc are:

| spamc 
#forward all emails and pipe them via spam catcher
#make sure spamc is executable on the mail server.
#put in the entire path to spamc if required, e.g. /usr/local/bin/spamc

* ^X-Spam-Status: Yes
#If spamassassin detects a spam email - it includes a Spam header entry. If this Spam header=yes - then the email can be put into a special spam folder to be checked infrequently. The above .Spam/ folder is a Maildir folder.

User Setup #2

The above Step #1 is all that should be needed. Send an email to yourself next. Check the headers, you should see something similar to:

X-Spam-Checker-Version: SpamAssassin 3.0.3 (2005-04-27) on
X-Spam-Status: No, score=-2.5 required=5.0 tests=ALL_TRUSTED,HTML_30_40,
   HTML_MESSAGE,MIME_HTML_MOSTLY autolearn=ham version=3.0.3

Note: autolearn is working.

What should also happen:

A .spamassassin folder should be created in your home directory, with ~3-4 default files in it. A spamassassin default file may or may not be created. To copy one from the examples:

cp /usr/share/spamassassin/user_prefs.template /home/$USER/.spamassassin/user_prefs

A user can edit this user_prefs file adding a white and black list etc. etc.

Sample user_prefs Spamassassin User Config

The global spamassassin file is located in /etc/spamassassin/ However a normal user cannot change this. Instead, the users spamassassin config in /home/$USER/.spamassassin/user_prefs can be edited, and different scores can be used, alongside further tests etc. to be carried out. The following are increased scores for tests I consider to be spam catching:

score RCVD_IN_SBL               2.0
score URIBL_SBL                 1.5
score URIBL_OB_SURBL            2.5

My thinking is that - if the email is in a Spam BlackList - then its spam, and thus I wanted to give them higher scores than the default. I would consider Bouncing these emails, however I will leave it collect in the Spam folder for the time being. Links:

User Setup #3

Getting and teaching learn and sa_learn to get better at detecting spam emails. See:

More Info on User Config at: = basic procmail integration

Updating Spamassassin Rules

Note: this was tested and run on ubuntu/ hardy (prob work the same on debian lenny). I needed to update spamassassin rules recently after the following was been matched: FH_DATE_PAST_20XX now that its 2010. These updates are not installed via apt-get but via spamassassin's own sa-update. Here is how:

sa-update -D
#-D is for showing debug/log info
/etc/init.d/spamassassin restart

#I sent another email to me, checked the header, and FH_DATE_PAST_20XX no longer showed up.
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