User Tools

Site Tools



Xen VMs do not have bootable disks. I.E. there is typically no grub config to worry about as a Xen kernel is used to boot DomU's. KVM however “typically” allows guest VMs to run unmodified kernels and as a result typically have disks and partitions including a /boot and grub mbr.

Method 1

KVM however can boot a Xen (disk based or LVM) VM using a kernel and initrd config.

OrigXen: lvcreate -L1G -s -n vmdisksnap /dev/vg0/vm01-disk //Create a LVM Snapshot NewKVM : lvcreate -n deb05-disk –size 3g vg0 //Create a new LV with same size NewKVM : lvcreate -n deb05-swap –size 512M vg0 //Create swap LV as was done on the Xen host originally NewKVM : nc -l -p 7000 | dd of=/dev/vg0/deb05-disk bs=2M //use net cat and dd with bs=2M to speed things up. OrigXen: dd if=/dev/vg0/vmdisksnap bs=2M | nc x.x.x.x 7000 -q 10 //using port 7000 for nc scp initrd.img-2.6.26-2-686-bigmem to new host //scp across original kernel and initrd image. scp vmlinuz-2.6.26-2-686-bigmem to new host cp /etc/libvirt/qemu/deb04.xml /etc/libvirt/qemu/deb05.xml //copy an existing libvirt xml domain. We are going to edit it by hand instead of going virt-install

vi /etc/libvirt/qemu/deb05.xml //delete the uuid line. //change the name. Delete the mac address line. //add the jernel and initrd options. //add a cmdline root=/dev/vda and an optional console=ttyS0 allowing you to go virsh console deb05

<domain type='kvm'>

  <type arch='i686' machine='pc'>hvm</type>
  **<cmdline>root=/dev/vda console=ttyS0</cmdline>**
  <boot dev='hd'/>
<clock offset='utc'/>
  <disk type='block' device='disk'>
    <source dev='/dev/vg0/deb05-disk'/>
    <target dev='vda' bus='virtio'/>
  <disk type='block' device='disk'>
    <source dev='/dev/vg0/deb05-swap'/>
    <target dev='vdb' bus='virtio'/>
  <interface type='bridge'>
    <source bridge='br0'/>
    <model type='virtio'/>
  <serial type='pty'>
    <source path='/dev/pts/8'/>
    <target port='0'/>
  <console type='pty' tty='/dev/pts/8'>
    <source path='/dev/pts/8'/>
    <target port='0'/>
  <input type='mouse' bus='ps2'/>
  <graphics type='vnc' port='-1' autoport='yes' keymap='en-us'/>



Make sure that the kernel specified is contained on the VM disk under /lib/modules/2.6…. otherwise iptables etc. won't work.

The above config uses a separate network br0 bridge. See: KVM_Setup_on_Debian_Lenny

For faster dd's see:

For LVM snapshots, see:

On the original Xen host, you can go: lvremove /dev/vg0/vmdisksnap lvscan //shows all LVs

Other tidying up to be done is to: vi /etc/fstab and replace in vda and vdb for swap. Update the IP and gateway in /etc/network/interface

migrate_xen_based_vm_domu_to_kvm_based_vm.txt · Last modified: 2022/07/19 21:13 by